Kazyansky wildlife reserve

Kazyansky landscape reserve was established in 1999 and occupies an area of 26060 Hectares in the North of Polatsk and Shumilina District of Vitsebsk Voblast, It exists to protect the unique landscapes of the Belarusian Poozerye area and to protect the populations of the rare and threatened species of the Flora and Fauna. Most of its land area is covered with forest.
Its rivers and rivulets form a dense network, and are a part of the Zakhodnyaya Dzvina river Basin. The River Obal is one of the largest tributaries of the Zakhodnyaya Dzvina. Sosnitsa, Tsennitsa and Hlybochka are also some of the area's most important rivers. The area's lakes are of the residual and thermomokarsk types. Lakes Moshna, Rassolai, and Krasomai are some of the largest.
Kazyansky Reserve is a vaulable biodiversity area, owing to its unique landscapes, sparce population, and an abundance of forest, grassland and wetland habitats. The fauna includes nine species of reptiles, at least 22 species of mammals, and 77.3% of vertebrate species found in Belarus. The reserve is remarkable for its bird diversity. Some 175 bird species nest in its territory.
There are 21 rare or threatened species of plants 7 of animals listed in the Red Book of Belarus (including 44 species of birds and 3 of mammals).
The reserve is also rich in historical heritage, with at least 17 valuable sites on the national protection list, including 15 historical and two archeological monuments. Archeological heritage is comprised of a citadel ruins, and several ancient burial mounds near Krasomai Village. The citadel ruins are located at the bend of the right bank of the River Obal. Next to the ruins is one ancient burial mound that has yet to be identified and dated. Historical monuments mostly date back from the World War 2, commemorating the fate of the villages burned down by the Nazis.
Three tourist trails have been developed to attract ecoutourists.
One, titled "the Secrets of Kazyany Area", links ten tourist attractions and six villages, and takes eight hours to complete.
The eco-trail "Heritage of Kazyany Area" features five tourist attractions. The following guided tours are avalable along the way,
- local plant diversity sites aroumd Glushitse Village;
- local plant diversity sites aroum the Village Prudok
- national archeological monuments around the village Krasomai
- exhibits of the school environmental; and local history museum at Strogino Village
The tourist trail "Catamaranning on the Obal" follows the area's rtver system and is 18 kilometres in length.

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