Krasny Bor Wildlife Reserve

Rassony District is one of the most picturesque places in Vitsebsk Voblast, rich in sparkling lakes, exciting tourist trails, rare species and comfortable accommodation offering excellent wholesome meals and a window on the lifestyles of the rural people. The national landscape reserve
Krasny Bor is located in the North of Belarus occupies an area of 24231 Hectares in Verkhnyadvzvinsk and Rassony Districts of Vitsebsk Voblast. Established in 1997,
the reserve shares a common boundary with Asveysky Reserve (a Ramsar Side) in the West, and the Sebezh National Park in Russia.
The reserve is managed by the state environmental protection institution Eka-Rossy, based in Rassony. The reserve runs a hunting resort, and a forest farm. Commercial and recreational fishing is organised by state and private sector operators. The area has no industry, and population density is very low (fewer than 3 inhabitants per km2). The area has not been affected by the Chernobyl nuclear accident and is one of the most pristine areas of Belarus.
The reserve's territory is a unique landscape shaped by the impact of the last glacier and fluvio-glacial outwash. The relief is highly fragmented, with several dozen lakes, multiple low-lying wetland areas, raised bogs, kames, rolling hills and ridges, all of which add unique beauty to the surrounding landscape. Krasny Bor can be viewed as a model terrain shaped by the Poozerye glacier at its final stages.
The area's two main rivers - Svolna and Nischa were formed by massive fluvio-glacial outwash during the glacier's retreat. The raised bog Bolshoi Mokh is a true jewel of the area, with a unique hummock-ridge relief. The fen mire in the flood plain of the River Asinki is important site located in the immediate vicinity of the Reserve to the Northeast.
The flora has features typical of several natural zones - the Tundra, the Taiga, and Deciduous Forests. The area has dense populations of large mammal species, such as the wolf, the European lynx and the elk. There are over 200 bird species inhabiting the area's forests and wetland areas, including owls, curlews, woodpeckers, galliformes, eagles, and sparrows. Tourists can participate in a range of guided tours offering unique wildlife watching experiences.
The reserve is dominated by forest landscapes, covering around 80% of its territory. There is a variety of forest types typical of the Belarusian Poozerye region, including upland pine woods (35%), mixed spruce-dominated forests (6%), and black alder groves in wetland areas (4%). The reserve lies within the Southern Taiga natural zone, lying at the transition between the boreal coniferous and deciduous forest areas.
This relatively small area has specimens of almost every type of wetland habitat, including around 40 glacial lakes, varying in size, origin, and trophicity; two medium-sized rivers and several dozen small streams and rivulets; a multitude of small raised bogs, and one large raised bog (Bolshoi Mokh, with an area size of 24 km2), lying in hollow-pool and hummock ridge terrains; low-lying grass and wooded swamps in the floodplains of rivers and lakes, and one large open-type fen mire near Asinki River on the border with Russia.
The reserve's vegetation reflects the uniqueness of the landscapes in Northern Belarus, lying at the transition between the coniferous forests of the North and the mixed pine forests of the South, Here, one can find boreal and Tundra species along with natives of the more Southern areas. A detailed description of the Reserve's plant diversity can be found in a recent botanical expedition report at http://www.ecotourism.by/document/expedition.doc.
Some 18 red book plant species have been found in the Reserve's territory.
Plant species from the Red Book of Belarus found in the territory of the reserve Krasny Bor
Category 1 species
Dortman's Lobelia (Lobelia dortmanna)
Category 2 species
While Water Lily (Nymphaea alba)
Category 3 species
Dwarf Birch (Betula nana)
Few-Flowered Sedge (Carex pauciflora)
Boreal Bog Sedge (Carex paupercula)
Early coralroot (Corallorhiza trifida)
Baltic marsh orchid (Dacrylorhiza baltica)
Fragrant orchid (Gymnadenia conopsea)
Bog Orchid (Hammarbia paludosa)
Northern Firmoss (Huperzia selago)
Esthwaite Waterweed (Hydrilla verticillata)
Lake Quillwort (Isoёtes lacustris)
Twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
Lesser Twayblade (Listera cordata)
Common Twayblade (Listera ovata)
White Adder's Mouth (Malaxis monophyllos)
Yellow Pond Lily (Nuphar pumila)
Inundated Club Moss (Lycopodiella inundata)
Rare or uncommon plants found in Belarus or Vitsebsk Voblast
Northern Running-pin (Diphasiastrum complanatum)
Chinese Clubmoss (Diphasiastrum x zeilleri)
Blue Ground-cedar (D. trictachyum)
Appalachian Firmoss (Huperzia appressa)
Broad Buckler Fern (Driopteris dilatata)
Long Beech Fern (Phegopteris connectilis)
Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla patens)
Liverleaf (Hepatica nobilis)
Creeping Spearwort (Ranunculus reptans)
Dwarf Birch (Betula humilis)
Baby's Breath Silverstar (Gypsophila fastigiata)
Sand Pink (Dianthus borussicus)
Fleshy Starwort (Stellaria crassifolia)
Downy Willow (Salix lapponum)
One-flowered Wintergreen (Moneses uniflora)
Stonecrop (Hylotelephium decumbens)
Great Sundew (Drosera anglica)
'Ivan's Paddle (D. x obovata)
Scotch Broom (Sarothamnus scoparius)
Spiny Restharrow (Ononis arvensis)
Kidney Vetch (Anthyllis x polyphylloides)
Purple Milk Vetch (Astragalus danicus)
Kashubian Vetch (Vicia cassubica)
Bloody Cranesbill (Geranium sanguineum)
Common Mare's Tail (Hippuris vulgaris)
Purging Buckthorn (Rhamnus catartica)
Threepetal Bedstraw (Galium trifidum)
Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium caeruleum)
Flatleaf Bladderwort (Utricularia intermedia)
Lesser bladderwort (U. minor)
Spiked Speedwell (Pseudolysimachion spicatum)
Коpeach-leaved Bellflower (Campanula persicifolia)
Fen Ragwort (Senecio paludosus)
Sweet Filago (Filago arvensis)
Bitter Fleabane (Erigeron droebachiensis)
Melancholy Thistle (Cirsium heterophyllum)
Bristly Hawkweed (Pilosella echioides)
Shetland Pondweed (Potamogeton rutilis)
Creeping Lady's Tresses (Goodyera repens)
Marsh Helleborine (Epipactis palustris)
Broad-leaved Helleborine (E. helleborine)
Lesser Butterfly-orchid (Platantera bifolia)
Moorland Spotted Orchid (Dactylorhiza maculata)
Common Spotted-orchid (D. fuchsii)
Early Marsh Orchid (D. incarnata)
Narrow-leaved Marsh Orchid (D. traunsteineri)
Sharp Club-rush (Scirpus radicans)
Slender Cottonsedge (Eriophorum gracile)
Alpine Bulrush (Trichophorum alpinum)
Fewflower Spikerush (Eleocharis quinqueflora)
Leafy Tussock Sedge (Carex aquatilis)
Brownish Sedge (C. brunnescens)
Creeping Sedge (C. chordorrhiza)
Northern Bog Sedge (C. dioica)
Softleaf Sedge (C. disperma)
Ball-shaped Sedge (C. globularis)
Giant Sedge (C. juncella)
Woolyfruit Sedge (C. lepidocarpa)
Ryegrass Sedge (C. loliacea)
Little Green Sedge (C. serotina)
Sheathed Sedge (C. vaginata)
Blue Hair Grass (Koeleria glauca)
Rambling Meadow-grass (Poa remota)
Wavy Hair-grass (Avenella flexuosa)
Floating Bur-Reed (Sparganium gramineum)

Other articles